Hubert H. Humphrey Digitization Project
Calling Humphrey "long the most articulate American spokesman on disarmament" Chet Huntley questioned him about whether disarmament was "just a long-range dream for humanity" (pp. 24-28). Humphrey replied that it was a necessary dream, but maintained that it would require hard work and painful negotiations and must include international cooperation.
Just two years later in August of 1963, another NBC program was aired on television. Humphrey was able to tell the audience that he was in Moscow the previous Thursday with President Kennedy as representatives from United States, United Kingdom and the Soviet Union signed a treaty banning certain types of nuclear weapons testing. Humphrey quoted the President saying that this treaty was "a first step toward limiting the nuclear arms race" (p. 2).
While Humphrey was promoting disarmament abroad, important issues were also escalating at home. The rising crescendo of the civil rights movement was felt in places like Oxford, Mississippi and Birmingham, Alabama. Kennedy, while reluctant to propose civil rights legislation his first two years in office, was now persuaded to send a bill to Congress by June of 1963. On August 28 over 200,000 people marched on Washington, bringing the importance of civil rights to the Capitol. Martin Luther King Jr. gave his famous "I have a dream" speech to a crowd that included Humphrey. As Humphrey recalled that day in his autobiography:
If I had to pick one day in my public life when I was most encouraged that democracy could work, when my spirit soared on the wings of the American dream of social justice for everyone, it was that day.
That day and that event did more to bring the truth of human rights and civil rights to the attention of the entire nation than anything that had happened in all of our history (pp. 201-202).
It was with great shock that Humphrey learned that President Kennedy had been shot in Dallas, Texas on November 22, the day after Humphrey had given this speech to the National Association for Mental Health. Humphrey and Kennedy had both worked diligently for new mental health legislation. Both had personal experience in their own families. The night Humphrey had been re-elected to his current Senate term was also the night he and his wife became grandparents for the first time. They learned the next day that their granddaughter was born with Down's syndrome. Kennedy’s younger sister Rosemary had experienced mental disabilities that eventually led to institutionalization. In a horrible coincidence, the man who assassinated the President less than a month after the Community Mental Health Centers Construction Act had passed also lived with mental health issues.
Humphrey was attending a luncheon at the Chilean Embassy with his wife the day the President died. In this NBC interview the next day Humphrey described the moment:
I stood alone in a hallway of the Embassy, and I am not ashamed to say that I just couldn't contain myself, I broke down and sobbed. Because it seemed like a bit of life had gone out of me. And then to try to tell others to come to the table and to tell the guests and the host that we had lost our President was very, very difficult (p. 2).
Less than an hour later Humphrey was in the White House. As he entered the West Wing he began worrying about his friend Lyndon Johnson who was now President. "Strong man that he was, I feared he might be shaken by the trauma of the day, a day designed to smooth over local Texas political problems, a day that had exploded into a national disaster" (The Education of a Public Man, p. 192). It took almost a year without a vice president for the administration to adjust and carry on after the assassination, but by the next November Humphrey and Johnson had both been elected to the highest two offices in the country and the Kennedy agenda continued to be one of their highest priorities.
These speech texts, as well as all of Humphrey's speeches from 1941-1963 are linked to the inventory of his Speech Text Files. More of Humphrey's speeches will be made available each month throughout this project. Look for the year 1964 in February!
This project was awarded the support of a $46,000 grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC) administered by the National Archives.
Learn more about how the NHPRC helps preserve records of enduring national historical value and promotes their public access and interpretation through archival and documentary programs.
New and Updated Finding Aids - December 2012
|American Ex-Prisoners of War, inc. Department of Minnesota: An Inventory of Its Records||01079|
|Charters, membership rosters, bookkeeping records, minutes, newsletters, reports, members' reminiscences, scrapbooks, and other records of the Department of Minnesota and of the Red River Chapter of a non-profit veterans service organization that advocated for former prisoners of war and their families.|
|Governor Sibley, Henry H.: An Inventory of His Gubernatorial Records||gov015|
|Includes accounting records; appointment records; records concerning charges against public officials; letters received; attorney general's opinions; records relating to pardons and reprieves; poll books from Goodhue, LeSueur, McLeod, and Rice counties documenting the election for the first two amendments to the state constitution (April 15, 1858); and accounts of the state's salt lands commission. There is substantial correspondence concerning railroads.|
|Governor's Residence Council: An Inventory of Its Records||gr00629|
|Records of the Governor's Residence Council, and its predecessors, the House Development Committee (1979-1980) and State Ceremonial House Council (1980-1981). In order to fully carry out all aspects of the renovation and preservation of the Residence, the files also document the years it served as the private home of the Horace Irvine family (1910-1965) and the years when renovation and maintenance were under the direct supervision of each gubernatorial administration (1965-1979).|
|Historic American Buildings Survey: An Inventory of Its Records Relating to Minnesota Structures||00251|
|Project files, including photographs, architectural drawings, project reports, microfiche, correspondence, and miscellaneous papers documenting historically significant districts, buildings, bridges, and other structures in Minnesota through the Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS) and the Historic American Engineering Record (HAER) programs of the U.S. National Park Service.|
|Honeywell Inc.: An Inventory of Its Records at the Minnesota Society||00051|
|Business records, patent files, company-produced newsletters and periodicals, photographs, and sound and visual recordings of a Minneapolis-based multinational company widely known as a manufacturer of thermostats for residential and commercial heating systems, aeronautical devices and controls for military and commercial aircraft, and as a manufacturer of mainframe computers. Includes records of predecessor and subsidiary companies.|
|Hubert H. Humphrey: An Inventory of His Speech Text Files||00442|
|Copies of Humphrey's speeches, in varying formats including notes, drafts, speaking texts, printed copies, and transcripts. Also present are excerpts, sample speeches, and incomplete indexes and checklists.|
|Caroline Marshall: An Inventory of Her Papers Relating to Minnesota Poetry Organizations||01080|
|Correspondence, grant applications, news clippings, flyers, poet biographies, and broadsides documenting Marshall's involvement in the Women Poets of the Twin Cities, and Minnesota Poetry Outloud and its Smith Park Poetry Series.|
|Northern Pacific Railway Company. Land Department.: An Inventory of Its Land Examination Books at the Minnesota Historical Society||M505|
|Land surveyor's field notebooks, containing fairly thorough descriptions of the Northern Land surveyor's field notebooks, containing fairly thorough descriptions of the Northern Pacific Railway Company's western lands, primarily in Washington.|
|Rochester State Hospital: An Inventory of Its Patient Records, Miscellaneous||gr00669|
|Miscellaneous records containing information on individual patients.|
|Statehood Centennial Commission: An Inventory of Its Pageantry and Drama Consulting Service Files||mscc5|
|Correspondence, interoffice memos, scripts, contracts and agreements, information sheets, and related materials documenting the work of Robert L. Snook, who consulted with county centennial committees on producing and staging historical dramas.|
|Steele County: Aurora Township An Inventory of Its Birth and Death Records||gr00315|
|Birth, 1900-1914, 1950, 1958, and death, 1900-1952, records.|
|Timber Commissioners Board: An Inventory of Its Reports of Estimates and Appraisals||gr00664|
|Digital, microfilm, and original data reported by state land examiners on timber located on state land, for use by the Timber Commissioners Board in determining whether the timber could be sold.|
|United States. Office of Indian Affairs: An Inventory of Its Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs||M175|
|Selected microfilm reels of letters, reports, and other papers concerning Indian populations, education, health, agriculture, subsistence, warfare, land transactions, annuities, depredations, claims, traders, agency employees and administration, and other aspects of the federal government's relations with Indian tribes under the administration of various agencies and superintendencies. The files selected pertain primarily to the Ojibwe, Dakota, Winnebago, Sauk, and Fox, but also to the Blackfeet, Cheyenne, Crow, Mandan, Ottawa, Pawnee, and other tribes of the upper Midwest and plains area.|
New and Updated Catalog Records
|Swanson, Carl O. Carl O. Swanson and Family Papers|
|A passenger contract, correspondence, and miscellaneous related or printed material of Carl O. Swanson, a carpenter from Smaland, Sweden, and his family who settled in Litchfield, Minnesota in 1872.|