Hubert H. Humphrey Digitization Project
As the campaign went on, Humphrey's refusal to distinguish himself from the Johnson administration, of which he was still a part, remained a stumbling block. Protesters and critics met him at every stop. In a speech at the Western States Water and Power Conference in Sioux Falls, South Dakota after detailing a ten-point program for the revitalization of rural America, Humphrey told the crowd his life was "dedicated to works of peace, the Peace Corps, the Nuclear Test Ban Treaty, Food for Peace, The Disarmament Agency, the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty." He stated: "I took as a top item on my agenda when I become your President on January 20, 1969, I put it at the top of my list to find a way to end this war and to make this country once again united." The crowd responded strongly when he mentioned peace and it became clear to Humphrey and his campaign managers that this was the issue above any other that resonated with his audiences.
By the end of September, Humphrey knew he needed to make his own statement on Vietnam despite what the President said or how the negotiations in Paris were going. In Seattle he faced the worst heckling of the campaign. The usual boos and shouts of the crowd were drowned out this time by one heckler with a bull horn. As the television cameras watched, Humphrey asked the man to "go ahead and make your speech." The man did, speaking about the scream of death, the wound of war, police brutality in Chicago, and of Humphrey's crimes against humanity by being complicit with the war in Vietnam. Though the police and Secret Service finally removed the protestors from the Civic Center and Humphrey was able to give his speech afterwards, the moment unnerved him and he resolved then to say what was on his mind and what he felt even if he lost the election.
On September 30th in Salt Lake City Humphrey gave this televised speech to the American people explaining his position on Vietnam. The speech had been hotly debated by his staff. They had argued for hours over wording and nuances of meaning. In the end Humphrey drafted a new speech and gave his trusted advisors a last look, then called Johnson fifteen minutes before he delivered it to tell him what he would say. After Humphrey assured him that it would not embarrass him or jeopardize Paris negotiations Johnson replied "I gather you're not asking my advice." Humphrey gave the speech in one take and afterwards felt that he had finally gotten to say what he wanted about the war. He had finally made his own stand.
After the televised Salt Lake City speech, Humphrey's campaign began to gain momentum. "Weeks of struggling, trying to catch up for lost time frantically putting together an organization, always short of finances, error compounded by error, led suddenly to a building momentum, to larger and larger crowds, to excitement and enthusiasm, to a feeling of possible success (Education of a Public Man, p. 303).
Eugene McCarthy finally gave Humphrey his endorsement in the last days of October. A few days before the election President Johnson announced a breakthrough in the negotiations in Paris, saying that the bombing of North Vietnam would stop and that peace talks were scheduled for days after the election.
By November 3rd Johnson himself actively campaigned with Humphrey, joining him for an event at the Houston Astrodome. Accompanied by Babe Ruth, Joe DiMaggio and Mickey Mantle and surrounded by an enthusiastic crowd Humphrey and Johnson had put their differences aside for the good of the party. In his speech Humphrey proclaimed that he would always be Johnson's faithful friend and proud of it, and during the remaining months of his presidency, his loyal Vice President.
Humphrey and Nixon were in a dead heat in the polls. The hope of peace talks with the North Vietnamese and an end to the war may have handed Humphrey the presidency. Behind the scenes the Nixon campaign convinced the Vietnamese in Paris to stay away from the ongoing negotiations, promising that a Nixon administration would give them a better deal after the election. On election day the numbers showed that Nixon had beaten Humphrey by less than one-half of one percent of the popular vote.
In his concession speech Humphrey said that he "couldn't possibly be any happier than in the knowledge that we had done the right thing. We have said what we believed, we have spoken the hard facts of our country as we saw them. We have offered what we thought were the alternatives and the solutions. We placed our case before the American people. We did it in a short period of time against tremendous odds, and all I can say tonight to the American people is they have been mighty good to us. They have given us a great vote of confidence in this popular vote."
In his autobiography, however, Humphrey admitted that "my dreams and hopes were smashed in a year when so much more in America was destroyed" (Education of a Public Man, p. 305).
Humphrey gave only a handful of speeches during the remainder of 1968. Exhausted and depressed by the narrowness of his defeat he caught the flu for the third time that year and began to re-evaluate his life. It would be the first time in 25 years that he had not held an elective public office.
These speech texts, as well as all of Humphrey's speeches from 1941-1968 are linked to the inventory of his Speech Text Files. More of Humphrey's speeches will be made available each month throughout this project. Look for the years 1969-1972 of Humphrey's speeches in July!
This project was awarded the support of a $46,000 grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC) administered by the National Archives.
Learn more about how the NHPRC helps preserve records of enduring national historical value and promotes their public access and interpretation through archival and documentary programs.
New and Updated Finding Aids - May 2013
|Adjutant General: An Inventory of Its Indian War Pension Files||adjg010|
|Application files for pensions submitted by military veterans of the U.S.-Dakota War of 1862, by others who rendered aid and suffered disabling injuries, and by their widows.|
|American Association of University Women. Minnesota State Division: An Inventory of Its Records||00503|
|Correspondence, minutes, financial data, scrapbooks of clippings and ephemera, reports, notes, and membership records of the Minnesota State Division and local branches of a national organization for college-educated women founded in 1881 to promote equity for all women and girls, lifelong education, and positive societal change.|
|Attorney General. Civil Case Files (Series 2)||ag0062|
|Selected civil case files of the attorney general's office.|
|Attorney General: Natural Resources Division An Inventory of Its Reserve Mining Company Case Files||ag0014|
|Legal and court documents relating to permits and litigation over Reserve Mining Company's waste control procedures, particularly its disposal of taconite tailings.|
|Cambridge State Hospital: An Inventory of Its Audio-Visual Materials||gr00180|
|Photographs, films, and architectural drawings documenting activities of the residents and staff and various buildings and areas of the hospital facility.|
|Cambridge State Hospital: Superintendent: An Inventory of Its General Correspondence/Subject Files||gr00721|
|Correspondence and subject files relating to all aspects of the institution's management, including general administration, personnel, patients/residents, medical service, research, library service, and relations with other hospitals, the legislature, and various supervisory agencies.|
|Janet M. Deming: An Inventory of Her Papers||00825|
|Personal papers of the owner and president of a Minneapolis-based employee-assistance firm, reflecting her personal interest in and study of social services, feminism, and civil rights in the 1960s and 1970s.|
|Michael J. and Jennie B. Dowling: An Inventory of Their Papers||00915|
|Newspaper and magazine articles, correspondence, printed materials, photographs, film recording, and memorabilia of Michael J. Dowling, a Minnesota politician, newspaper publisher, businessman, and spokesman for the physically handicapped, who as a boy lost three of his limbs to frostbite, and of his wife Jennie.|
|Education Department: An Inventory of Its State Board Examinations||gr00694|
|Examination questions and scoring keys for elementary (grades 7 and 8) and high school subjects. Also includes, for 1941, a separate volume containing examination rules and regulations, and copies of forms, as well as examinations and keys.|
|Fergus Falls State Hospital: Patient Registers||ffsh011|
|Records containing information on patients, many with data on individual patients.|
|General Federation of Women's Clubs of Minnesota: An Inventory of Its Records||00454|
|Records of a state association organized in 1895 as an affiliation of local women's clubs throughout Minnesota.|
|GFWC-West Suburban Women's Club: An Inventory of Its Club Records||00866|
|Constitution, bylaws, directories, minutes, handbooks, reports, newsletters and scrapbooks of a women's club organized in 1957 to pursue home and family study and to aid in philanthropic work in western Hennepin County, Minnesota.|
|Robbins Gilman and Family: An Inventory of Their Papers||00802|
|Correspondence, diaries, newspaper clippings, scrapbooks, printed materials, genealogical information, and some early family papers of Robbins Gilman and his wife Catheryne Cooke Gilman of Minneapolis, Minnesota. Also includes papers documenting the activities of their son Logan Drinker and his wife Rhoda Raasch Gilman and their daughters Betsy (Elizabeth) and Carolyn, and papers of Leonard O. and Rhoda (Kimbro) Raasch, Rhoda Gilman's parents. Papers from other family members and related families are also present.|
|Governor Van Sant, Samuel R.: An Inventory of His Gubernatorial Records at the Minnesota Historical Society||gov029|
|General correspondence, materials relating to pardon matters, letters regarding Pharmacy Board appointments, and proclamations.|
|Governor's Council On Developmental Disabilities: An Inventory of Its Published Records and Reports||govcdd05|
|Publications either created or collected by the Council pertaining to all aspects of its duties and responsibilities. Included are incomplete runs of the Council's News Letter (1975-1980), News Briefs (1975-1980), and Futurity (1990-1995); annual (1990, 2001-2002, 2004-2007), quarterly (1977-1981), and program (1984-2007) performance reports; annual work plans (1980-2007); monthly activity reports (1987-2007); three-year state plans (1975-1978, 1980-2000); the Council's May 1976 philosophy and mission statement; and a variety of related manuals, instructor's guides, guidelines, analysis, and reports. The latter cover such diverse topics as facilitated communication, medical assistance, legislation, positive learning, school integration, Welsch v. Noot, state hospitals, community involvement, early intervention, the state schools for the blind and deaf, quality indicators, individual plans, education and training opportunities, and technology.|
|Green Party of Minnesota: An Inventory of Its Records||01094|
|Constitutions and bylaws; meeting and convention agendas, programs, minutes, and reports; newsletters; correspondence; party platforms and campaign literature; leaflets; articles; and other papers relating to the Green Party of Minnesota; its predecessor, the Minnesota Greens Confederation; Twin Cities Greens; and the Green Party of St. Paul.|
|Hennepin County An Inventory of Its Marriage, Birth, and Death Records||gr00089|
|Marriage certificates (1853-1996) and index (1853-1989), birth certificates (1866-1902) and index (ca. 1870-1931), and death certificates (1870-1909) and index (1890-1931).|
|Hennepin County: District Court: An Inventory of Its Naturalization Records and Index||SAM043|
|Personal name index, 1853-1942; loose declarations of intention (first papers), 1853-1873; bound declarations of intention, 1867-1942; final papers (second papers), 1867-1906; petition and record (final papers), 1906-1938; depositions and related records, 1906-1930; and additional unfilmed records, relating particularly to World War I service members, 1918-1938.|
|Hennepin County: Minneapolis: Minneapolis Public Schools: An Inventory of Its Published Records and Reports||gr00723|
|Reports and miscellaneous print and near-print items of or about the Minneapolis public school system.|
|Hennepin County: Minneapolis: Minneapolis Public Schools: Board of Education: An Inventory of Its Desegregation/Integration Files||gr00722|
|Documents recording the desegregation/integration of the Minneapolis public schools during the 1960s-2000s, including various legal proceeding involving the district.|
|Hubert H. Humphrey: An Inventory of His Speech Text Files||00442|
Copies of Humphrey's speeches, in varying
formats including notes, drafts, speaking texts, printed copies,
and transcripts. Also present are excerpts, sample speeches, and
incomplete indexes and checklists.
Includes digital content.
|Immigration Board: An Inventory of Its Records||immigbd|
|Records of this board established to promote and encourage immigration to the state, including biennial reports, correspondence, and printed materials.|
|Junior League of Saint Paul: An Inventory of Its Records||00327|
|Records documenting the history, administration, and activities of the Junior League of St. Paul, a women's voluntary civic association formed in 1917.|
|Law Advocates of Hennepin County: An Inventory of Its Records||01095|
|Constitutions, minutes, newsletters, scrapbooks, and other files of an organization established to promote understanding of the legal profession.|
|Law Advocates of Minnesota: An Inventory of Their Records||00603|
|Constitutions, bylaws, minutes, annual reports, membership directories, newsletters, correspondence, subject files, news clippings and photographs of a statewide organization of wives of lawyers and judges. The organization is devoted to the betterment of the legal profession, social activities, community issues, and pro bono work.|
|Metropolitan Council: An Inventory of Its Published Records and Reports||metc025|
|Reports, newsletters, and miscellaneous print and near-print items of or about the Metropolitan Council.|
|Minnesota Territorial Archives: Territorial Governor An Inventory of the Records of the Territorial Governor Alexander Ramsey||terr05|
|Subject files, correspondence, appointments, petitions, proclamations, and reports from territorial officers.|
|Natural Resources Department: Commissioner's Office: An Inventory of the Subject Files of William B. Nye||dnr003|
|Nye's subject files as commissioner of the Department of Natural Resources. They pertain to all aspects of departmental administration and natural resource management issues.|
|Natural Resources Department: Forestry Division: An Inventory of Its Land Acquisition Files||gr00719|
|Mainly documents from File No. 3220-0, containing records covering the division's land acquisition in general, including budget materials and land acquisition guides. Included are materials documenting land placed in abeyance for the Birch Lake, Land O'Lakes, and Sand Dunes state forests and the Richard J. Dorer Memorial Hardwood State Forest, and tract files for each parcel of land the division attempted to acquire for the Dorer Memorial Hardwood State Forest.|
|Pardon Board: Pardon Calendars||pardon01|
|Minutes (titled "calendars" by the board) of the Board of Pardons, largely comprising a record of actions on individual pardon applications, although other actions of the board are also mentioned.|
|Ramsey County. Welfare Department: An Inventory of its Miscellaneous Records||ramsy002|
|Scrapbooks (1929-1968), burial certificate stubs (1940-1966), Ramsey County Alms House inmate registers (1883-1944) and burial records (1895-1923), and Ramsey County Home visitor register (1951-1961).|
|Ramsey County: St. Paul: School Records: Galtier School: An Inventory of Its School Records||gr00712|
|Records documenting the administration and students of this St. Paul elementary school.|
|Ramsey County: St. Paul: School Records: Harding High School: An Inventory of Its Miscellaneous Files||gr00714|
|Handwritten notes of the Gopher Historians history club, detailing clubs, sports teams, and other student activities (1932-1947); various programs (1929-1976, 1991-1992), including those from the 1963 dedication and various student activities; clippings, mainly sports related (circa 1940-1994); class reunion booklets (1959-1972, scattered); photographs (1952-1990); television script for state hockey tournament participant promotion (1973); and photos and memorabilia relating to longtime teacher Mary Hanley (1954-1974).|
|Ramsey County: St. Paul: School Records: Independent School District No. 625: An Inventory of Its Bulletins and Newsletters||gr00713|
|Bulletins and newsletters relating to various aspects of the district's administration. Includes the School Bulletin (Official Bulletin) of the Department of Education (1917-1932), School Bulletin (1947-1961), and Trends in Saint Paul Public Schools (1961-1967).|
|Ramsey County: St. Paul: School Records: Independent School District No. 625: An Inventory of Its Miscellaneous Records||gr00019|
|Assorted records documenting the districts' administration.|
|Ramsey County: St. Paul: School Records: Independent School District No. 625: An Inventory of Its Miscellaneous School Materials||gr00531|
|Photographs, histories, dedication programs, design development proposals, correspondence, reports, newsletters, handbooks, scrapbooks, and other assorted materials documenting over 100 St. Paul elementary, junior high, high, and special schools.|
|Ramsey County: St. Paul: School Records: Independent School District No. 625: An Inventory of Its Published Records and Reports||gr00018|
|Reports and project proposals, facilities reports, curriculum, staff publications, and miscellaneous publications relating to the administration of the district.|
|Ramsey County: St. Paul: School Records: Webster Magnet School: An Inventory of Its School Records||gr00715|
|Handbook (1975/1976), homeroom directories (1977-1985), newsletters (1965, 1979), three reports on the school's alternative aspect (1975, 1980s), desegregation plan (1974), policies and procedures (1978), and photographs and slides of student activities and the building's exteriors and classrooms (circa 1900-1994).|
|Rochester State Hospital An Inventory of Its Patient Registers and Indexes||gr00099|
|The indexes list surname, case file number, and admission and discharge dates. The registers list all patients admitted to the hospital and record case number, name, county, admission date, age, civil (i.e., marital) condition, occupation, education (grade level), religion, habits (temperate or intemperate), nativity (state or country), nativity of parents, diagnosis, suicidal or homicidal, number of attack, number of admission (i.e., whether being readmitted), age at first attack, duration of insanity, time in hospital, date discharged, result (condition of dismissal), and observations.|
|Sauk Centre Home School for Girls: An Inventory of Its Case Files||gr00724|
|Basic files documenting the incarceration of individuals at the facility.|
|Secretary of State: An Inventory of Its Land Survey Field Notes||gr00507|
|Field notebooks kept by federal government surveyors as they laid out the exterior and subdivision lines of each Minnesota township. Also an interior index.|
|Secretary of State: An Inventory of Its Land Survey Miscellaneous Records||gr00505|
|Assorted records documenting activities involving various aspects of the land survey.|
|Sherburne County: Assessor: An Inventory of Its Assessment Rolls||gr00720|
|Assessment rolls for the civil subdivisions of Sherburne County; recording the value of taxable real and/or personal property for the years 1859-1860, 1862, 1864, 1866, 1868-1876, 1878-1898, 1900-1901 and sample years 1910-1911, 1920-1921, and 1930-1931.|
|St. Cloud State Reformatory: An Inventory of Its Inmate Photographs||gr00711|
|Black and white photographs of reformatory inmates, although not all inmate numbers are represented. Each photograph may include brief identifying information such as name, aliases, birth date, race, height, weight, build, eyes, hair, complexion, and date of admission.|
|State Land Office: An Inventory of Its Abstracts of Sales||slo002|
|Abstracts of sales of the various categories of trust fund lands by the state of Minnesota to private parties.|
|Wadena County: District Court: An Inventory of Its Civil and Criminal Registers of Actions||gr00464|
|Registers of actions for civil (1881-1954) and criminal (1889-1947) cases.|
|Wadena County: Probate Court: An Inventory of Its Records||gr00466|
|Records documenting the duties and activities of the probate court. Included are final decrees (1953-1977), insanity record (1943-1965), and will record books (1887-1979).|
|Washington County: District Court: An Inventory of Its Naturalization Records and Index||SAM049|
|Personal name index, 1852-1936; declarations of intention, 1847-1944; final papers, 1879-1906; petition and record (final papers), 1906-1930; and loose naturalization papers, A-Z, 1847-1922.|
|Women's Art Registry of Minnesota: An Inventory of Its Records||00101|
|Records documenting the members, activities, and philosophy of a women's art collective in Minneapolis.|
New and Updated Catalog Records
|Arnold, T. C. (Thomas Clinton), 1829-1914. Civil War letters, 1863-1865.|
|Eight letters and one fragment written by Thomas Clinton Arnold to his wife Sarah regarding his service in Company B, 27th Wisconsin Volunteers.|
|Ballard, Roger C. U.S.S. Minneapolis (CA-36) Association records, 1942-1999.|
|Records of an organization of United States Navy veterans who served during World War II on the U.S.S. Minneapolis, a heavy cruiser that participated in the battles of the Coral Sea, Midway, Tassafaronga, the Philippine Sea, Guam, and Surigao Strait.|
|Collins, Alexander, 1811-1901. Letter to A. Catlin, 1855 December 27.|
|Letter from A.L. Collins to A. Catlin describing a visit to Saint Paul and environs; discussing his land entries in western Wisconsin and his interest in "half-breed" lands located near Red Wing, Minnesota; and his ideas about a possible railroad line between Superior and Hudson, Wisconsin.|
|Houston County: School District No. 57, Spring Grove Township. School records.|
|Clerks books (1904-1950), school record book (1871-1881), and class record (1912-1916).|
|Houston County: School District No. 70, Wilmington Township. School records.|
|Clerks books (1947-1948) and warranty deed for school property (1868).|
|Houston County: School District No. 77, Wilmington Township. School census, 1930.|
|Annual census of persons under 21 years of age in the district; including those not attending school or attending private school.|
|Johns, Verlan R. Verlan R. Johns papers, 1939-1988.|
|Investigator's notebooks, St. Paul Police Department staff telephone directories, a card listing Johns' dates in various positions within the department, and miscellaneous papers of a Saint Paul police detective.|
|Kmetz, William H. Papers relating to his service on the U.S.S. Minneapolis, 1934-1947.|
|Personal papers, photographs, and printed materials of William H. Kmetz of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, who served with the United States Navy on board the U.S.S. Minneapolis during World War II.|
|Wright, Edward F., 1835 or 1836-1900. Dakota War diary, 1863 June 1-September 12.|
|Diary of a member of the 7th Minnesota Regiment participating in the Sibley Expedition against the Dakota Indians.
Includes digital content.